6. Environmental Biology : Concept and dynamics of ecosystem, components, food chain and energy flow, productivity and biogeochemical cycles ; Types of ecosystems, Population ecology and biological control ; Community structure and organization ; Environmental pollution ; Sustainable development ; Economic importance of microbes, plants and animals.
7. Biodiversity and Taxonomy : Species concept, Biological nomenclature theories of biological classification, Structural biochemical and molecular systematics ; DNA finger printing, numerical taxonomy, Biodiversity, characterization, generation maintenance and loss : Magnitude and distribution of biodiversity, economic value, wildlife biology, conservation strategies, cryopreservation.
1. Principles of Taxonomy as applied to the systamics and Classification of Plant Kingdom : Taxonomic structure ; Biosystematics ; Plant geography ; Floristics.
2. Patterns of variation in morphology and life history in plants ; Broad outlines of classification AND evolutionary trends among algae, fungi, bryophytes and pteridophytes ; Principles of palaeobotany ; Economic importance of algae, fungi and lichens.
3. Comparative analomy and developmental morphology of gymnosperms and anglosperms : Histochemical and ultrastructural aspects of development ; Differentiation and morphogenesis.
4. Androgensis and gynogenesis ; Breeding system ; Pollination biology ; structural and functional aspects of polien and pistil ; Male sterility ; Seil and inter-specific incompatibility ; Fertilization ; Embryo and seed development.
5. Plants and civilization ; Centres of origin and gene diversity ; Botany, utilization, cultivation and improvement of plants of food, drug, fibre and industrial values ; Unexploited plants of potential economic value ; Plants as a source of renewable energy ; Genetic resources and their conservation.
6. Water Relation ; Mineral nutrition ; Photosynthesis and photorespiration ; Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Sulphur metabolism ; Stomatal physiology ; Source and sink relationship.
7. Physiology and biochemistry and seed dormancy and germination ; Hormonal regulation of growth and development ; Photoregulation ; Growth responses, Physiology of flowering ; Senescence.
8. Principles of plant breeding ; Important conventional methods of breeding self and cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops ; Non-conventional methods ; Polyploidy : Genetic variability ; Plant diseases and defensive mechanisms.
9. Principles of taxonomy as applied to the systematics and classification of the animal kingdom ; Classification and interrelationship amongst the major invertebrate phyla ; Minor invertebrate phyla, Functional anatomy of the nonchordates ; Larval forms and their evolutionary significance.